by Chelsea and Tayler

A Geologist is a scientist who studies the rocks and minerals, and their processes on Earth, which has shaped it today. They work to understand the history, processes and materials of the earth. Geology is a rather interesting career choice. Many geologists locate new oil fields and mineral deposits, and devise ways to access them. They prepare maps showing rock types and geological structures. Other geologists have the job to advise builders whether or not a location is ideal for construction. Many geologists work in the fossil fuel and mining industries. Their job is locating new oil fields and mineral deposits, finding a way to access them.
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Training & Education

To work as a Geologist, you must have a bachelors degree in geology or a related subject area. Many Geologists usually have a master’s degree or PhD in geology. Students at the graduated level study subject areas known as geomorphology,crystallography, and fossil records. For entry level research positions in private industry and government agencies, one must have a minimum of a master’s degree in geology. Registration requirements for registration can include a great amount of work experience directed by a registered geologist and must complete and pass a formal exam. Geological opportunities may take years. Students must be patient, physically and mentally tough, fluent in a different language, and used to isolation. They also must be good at writing, researching, creating graphs and maps, and have knowledge of technical equipment.

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Salaries Earned Throughout the Job

Starting off as a Geologist, between $35,000 and $55,000 is earned per year. Their income will increase throughout their career, raising to about $55,000 to $125,000 a year. $150,000 a year is earned by chief geologists and high-level consultants. Salary amounts geologists earn depend on the level of education they have achieved, and the industry that they work in. Greater salaries are earned by those who have earned a graduate degree as do geologists working in the petroleum, mineral, and mining industries. These industries have changes in oil and gas prices which result in higher salaries in order to compensate for the relatively low job security. Their salaries also depend on the amount of field work completed. In fields such as the petroleum, mineral, and mining industries, geologists may earn significant bonuses if oil or precious materials are located. Their earnings are depended on their reputation, aggressiveness in finding new clients, and the general market demand for geologists’ services.

Working Conditions
Geologist work in an office, usually with reasonable work hours.They do research and write reports about what they have found. They also spend time in labs observing rock and soil samples. Geologists usually work 5 days a week with 8-9 hours each day. When most fieldwork takes place, in the summer geologist may sometimes have to work seven days a week for 12-14 hours each day. The fieldwork takes place in foreign and remote areas. Geologists may have to live in tents or other shelters for weeks. They are expected to create accurate and well thought-out reports despite their long working hours.
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